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成人高考新華學院專插本英語專業課《英語寫作》考綱(19版)

2018-12-13 10:46 點擊:次 【字號
成人高考新華學院本科插班生招生考試《英語寫作》考試大綱(2019版)
I. 考試的性質
普通高等學校本科插班生招生考試是由?飘厴I生參加的選拔性考試。高等學校根據考生的成績,按已確定的招生計劃,德、智、體全面衡量,擇優錄取。該考試所包含的內容將大致穩定,試題形式多樣,具有對學生把握本課程程度的較強識別、區分能力。
II. 考試內容及要求
一、考試基本要求
根據《英語類專業本科教學質量國家標準》與本校制定的《英語專業本科教學大綱》的要求,旨在考查考生的英語書面表達能力,包括遣詞造句、組段、謀篇布局等。
二、考核內容
1.遣詞造句:根據單詞的詞性、詞義、語法功能、文體功能,為句子選擇合適的單詞。
2.段落寫作:圍繞一個中心句,寫出一段中心突出、結構合理、內容充實的段落。
3.命題作文:閱讀所給材料,總結材料觀點,按照要求寫一篇200詞左右的短文。
第一部分 記敘文寫作
第一章   記敘文的要素
1.了解記敘文的分類;
2.理解記敘文的五要素及其作用。
 
第二章   人物的塑造
1.了解人物的類型;
2.理解塑造人物的兩種手段;
3.掌握塑造人物的五種方法;
4.懂得運用細節來塑造人物。
 
第三章   環境的描寫
1.了解記敘文中環境描寫的作用;
2.掌握環境描寫的五種方法;
3. 理解環境描寫對人物塑造的作用;
4. 懂得運用細節來烘托氣氛。
 
第四章   視角 (不作為考核內容)
1.了解不同類型的視角以及視角在記敘文中的作用;
2.懂得根據需要在寫作中選擇恰當的視角;
3.訓練在寫作中轉換視角敘述事件。
 
第五章   主題 (不作為考核內容)
1.了解記敘文中不同類型的主題;
2.學會辨認和分析記敘文的主題;
3.懂得在寫作中傳達特定的主題。
 
第六章  情節 (不作為考核內容)
1.理解情節的五要素以及記敘文中的沖突;
2.學會解讀記敘文的情節;
3.學會創造沖突并圍繞沖突編織情節。
 
第七章  風格與語氣
1.了解記敘文的不同風格與語氣;
2.學會區分不同的風格和語氣;
3.訓練通過選詞和構句來形成特定風格或語氣的基本技巧。
 
第八章 意象 (不作為考核內容)
1.了解記敘文中意象的作用;
2.學會在記敘文中使用意象增強表達效果。
第二部分 說明文寫作
第一章  說明文概述
1.了解說明文的要素與結構;
2.學會分析說明文展開的模式;
3.理解寫作的過程。
 
第二章  過程分析
1.訓練寫作過程分析;
2.學會寫中心句。
 
第三章  例證法
1.了解說明文中例證的作用;
2.訓練在寫作中使用例證;
3.學會寫主題句。
 
第四章 分類法
1.訓練在說明文中運用分類法;
2.學會寫開頭。
 
第五章  因果關系法
1.訓練在說明文中闡釋因果關系;
2.懂得分析說明文中的因果關系;
3.學會為主題句寫支撐句。
 
第六章 比較與對比
1.訓練在說明文中使用比較與對比;
2.學會寫結尾。
 
第七章 定義法
1.訓練寫定義句;
2.懂得前后一致與連貫;
3.學會從不同角度定義同一事物。
 
第八章 綜合法
訓練綜合使用不同方法寫說明文。
第三部分 議論文寫作
第一章 議論文的寫作過程
1.了解議論文的基本結構;
2.理解寫作是一個過程,了解寫作步驟。
 
第二章  構思
1.熟悉議論文寫作的四個步驟;
2.了解寫作構思的五個技巧;
3.訓練使用五個技巧進行構思。
 
第三章 撰寫初稿、修改
1.訓練初稿的撰寫;
2.了解初稿修改要注意的問題;
3.學會修改自己的初稿。
 
第四章 中心論點與論據
1.理解中心論點句和論據;
2.學會辨認議論文的中心論點句和論據;
3.訓練撰寫中心論電句和支撐論點。
 
第五章 組織和連接論據
1.了解組織和連接材料的常見方法;
2.懂得辨認議論文中的銜接手段;
3.懂得使用常見的銜接手段。
 
第六章  遣詞造句
1.了解寫作中遣詞造句的基本原則;
2.學會基本的選詞構句技巧。
第七章  開頭
1.了解幾種常見的議論文開頭;
2.學會用不同的開頭吸引讀者。
第八章  結尾
1.了解常見的議論文結尾;
2.訓練為議論文寫結尾。
III.考試形式及試卷結構
1. 考試形式為閉卷,筆試,考試時間為120分鐘,試卷滿分為100分。
2. 試卷結構:選詞填空10%,完形填空20%,段落寫作20%,命題作文50%。
3. 試卷難易比例:易、中、難分別為30%、50%、20%。
IV.參考書目
1.《大學思辨英語教程寫作1》,總主編孫有中,主編李莉文,外語教學與研究出版社,2015 ISBN:9787513557825
2.《大學思辨英語教程寫作2》,總主編孫有中,主編李莉文,外語教學與研究出版社,2015 ISBN:9787513569309
3. 大學思辨英語教程寫作3》,總主編孫有中,主編李莉文,外語教學與研究出版社,2015 ISBN:9787513575911
V. 題型示例
Part I. Choose the more suitable word from the two provided for each blank in the following sentences. (10%)
1. ____________ (As, Like) a friend I would advise you to stop smoking at once.
 
Part II. Decide which of the words given in the box below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. The words can be used ONCE ONLY. (20%)

A. as B. aimless C. bother D. fast E. flight F. helpless
G. trapped H. levels I. money-saving J. pause K. quite L. stand by
M. standstill N. traffic O. labor-saving

    Electricity is such a part of our everyday lives and so much taken for granted nowadays that we rarely think twice when we switch on the light or turn on the TV set. At night, roads are brightly lit, enabling people and _______ to move freely. Neon lighting used in advertising has become part of the character of every modern city. In the home, many _______ devices are powered by electricity. Even when we turn off the bedside lamp and are _______ asleep, electricity is working for us, driving our refrigerators, heating our water, or keeping our rooms air-conditioned. Every day, trains, buses and subways take us to and from work. We rarely _______ to consider why or how they run – until something goes wrong. In the summer of 1959, something did go wrong with the power-plant that provided New York with electricity. For a great many hours, life came almost to a _______. Trains refused to move and the people in them sat in the dark, powerless to do anything; lifts stopped working, so that even if you were lucky enough not to be _______ between two floors, you had the unpleasant task of finding your way down _______ of stairs. Famous streets like Broadway and Fifth Avenue in an instant became as gloomy and uninviting _______ the most remote back streets. People were afraid to leave their houses, for although the police had been ordered to _______ in case of emergency, they were just as confused and _______ as anybody else.
 
Part III. Develop a paragraph of about 100 words based on the beginning sentence given below. (20%)
As the day of the exam approaches, there are several things you can do to make life easier. _______________________________________________________________________________
Part IV. Write a composition of about 200 words based on the following directions. (50%)
The popularization of computer and Internet service has created a group of people called “indoorsy men” or “indoorsy women”. They prefer to spend most of their time at home rather than going outdoors and having face-to-face contact with others. Should people choose to become indoorsy? The following are opinions from both sides. Read carefully the opinions from both sides and write your response in about 200 words, in which you should first summarize briefly the opinions from both sides and give your views on the issue.
Marks will be awarded for content relevance, content sufficiency, organization and language quality. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks.

YES NO
  In modern times when we can buy everything we need on the Internet, and communicate and even work through the Internet, becoming indoorsy men or women is simply a choice of different lifestyle. In the past, if you want to buy something, you need to go out of your house, go to the store, and spend an hour or two choosing the product you want to buy. But now you can just sit in front of a computer and click your mouse, and the product can be delivered to you. Being indoorsy can save people a lot of time.
  Being indoorsy can allow people to think and work in a peaceful environment. For example, writers can be quite creative when they are alone at home without being interrupted.
  Being indoorsy does not mean that people will never go out of the door. Indoorsy men or women are good at making full use of the modern technology to facilitate their life and work.
  Some sociologists warn that the indoorsy lifestyle will make people become self-centered and naïve. If people stay at home for a long time, they will have little interpersonal contact with others. They do not know how to have face-to-face communication with others, and they may become shy, uncomfortable, or self-centered when they are involved in real-life interpersonal communication. This indoorsy lifestyle will have a bad effect on their normal interpersonal relationship and their normal work.
  Indoorsy men or women spend most of their time sitting in front of a computer, and they seldom attend outdoor activities. Staring at the computer screen for a long time will do great harm to their eyes. Also many indoorsy people do not like to do sports, and in the long run their health will be affected.
 
 成人高考上課專插本考前培訓班招生簡介(請點擊查詢)



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